A number of factors influence sebum production, but some people are more acne-prone than others because of their genes, lifestyle behaviour, and environment.
Hormones: Hormonal fluctuations may cause sebaceous glands (sebum-producing glands) to become overactive, increasing the chance of developing acne. This can happen during puberty, the menstrual cycle, and pregnancy.
Medications: Some medications may induce acne development. These medications include oral contraceptives that contain progestin, anabolic steroids, oral corticosteroids, and anticonvulsives.
Cosmetics: Makeup, skincare, and hair products can clog pores especially if they are oil-based. If you are prone to acne, it is best to use products that are oil free and noncomedogenic.
Diet: Certain foods cause acne flare-ups. These may include foods with high fat content or high sugar content / high glycemic carbohydrates. Although this will vary for each individual, you can control the acne flare-up by avoiding certain ingredients which triggers your acne.
Sweating: Perspiration combined with heat and pressure such as wearing a cap will make acne worse. Washing your face after you sweat is important to prevent skin from clogging and spreading bacteria.
Overwashing: It is recommended to wash your face twice daily using a mild cleanser if your skin is acne-prone.In addition, using strong cleansers, scrubbers, exfoliants or washing too often can irritate the skin and cause further acne development.
Picking or Squeezing Acne: This can increase the spread of oil and bacteria to other areas of your skin, and can cause further flare-up.
It is important to use proper skincare products to prevent and control acne. For mild to moderate acne breakouts, laser treatments combined with acne targeting products have clinically proven to be very effective.